Hera

Hera Campana Louvre Ma2283.jpg

Title
Queen of the Immortals

Queen of the Gods
Queen of the Olympus

Queen of Heaven
Gender
Female
Goddess of
Women, Marriage, Family, Childbirth, Sky, Air, Queenship and Starry Heaven
Sacred Animals
Heifer, Peacock, Cuckoo, Lion, Panther
Symbols
Pomegranate, Diadem, Lotus-Tipped Staff
Items
Parents
Kronos & Rhea
Consort
Zeus
Children
Roman Name
Juno

Too many parameters

Hera (Greek: Ἥρᾱ) is the Greek goddess of women, marriage, childbirth, sky, air, queenship, and starry heaven. She is the youngest daughter of Kronos and Rhea, and the sister and final wife of Zeus, and thus the Queen of Olympus and Queen of the Gods. The cow and the peacock are sacred to her.

There is a rumor that states that it if you are blessed by Hera you do not have to worry about a thing about relationships.

Hera reigns as Zeus's wife. Praise both Hera and Zeus for blessings will rain upon you as the Greeks know since the ancient centuries have it as a secret.

Mythology

Hera presides over the right ordering of marriage. The legitimate offspring of her union with Zeus are Ares (the god of war), Hebe (the goddess of youth), Eris (the goddess of discord) Eileithyia (goddess of childbirth), Enyo. Enyo, a war goddess responsible with the destruction (goddess of battle), Angelos (a chitonic goddess) and perhaps Hephaistos (god of fire and blacksmiths). It is said she gave birth to Hephaistos  without Zeus, because she was jealous of his love toward Athena. When Hephaistos was born she saw his ugliness and cast him from Olympus.

Hephaistos gained revenge against Hera for rejecting him by making her a magical throne which bound her and would not allow her to leave. At the bidding of Zeus, the other gods begged Hephaistos to let her go, but he repeatedly refused. Later Dionysos came to him and got him drunk and convinced him to release Hera from the thrown. After Hephaistos released Hera, Zeus gave him Aphrodite as his wife.

Early Life

Hera was born to Kronos and Rhea. Kronos had made it a practice of eating his children once they are born. Years later, Hera's brother, Zeus had given Rhea a mustard, wine, and herb mixture to give to Kronos. He thought it would make him unstoppable, but instead he vomited up his now full grown children. As they were immortal, they were growing inside his stomach. Eventually Zeus had chopped Kronos into pieces with his own sickle, and threw him into Tartarus.

Homecoming

Zeus had asked her to be his queen, but she knew of his many other wives and denied his requests. Slyly, Zeus made a thunderstorm and turned into a disheveled cuckoo. Hera felt sorry for it, so she held it to keep it warm. Zeus then forced himself upon her. She married him to cover her shame.

Hephaestus

After Hera gave birth to Hephaestus, he was so ugly and lame that she threw him off of Olympus. He landed on an island and his legs were permanently damaged. He now has an awkward walk and his home is on the island that he landed on.

Later

When Zeus and Io were having an affair, he tried to hide it from Hera by creating thick clouds over them, so that Hera couldn't see down to him. However, Hera knew that Zeus must be under the clouds, so she went down to earth and went under the clouds. Zeus, worrying about Hera's wrath, turned his lover, Io, into a stunning white heifer. Hera was not fooled. She knew this was one of Zeus' tricks but she pretended that she didn't know. She asked Zeus if she could keep the cow and Zeus, not wanting her to find out, allowed Hera to take the cow to their palace in Olympus. Hera tied Io to a tree and set Argos to watch over her.

Argos was a faithful companion of Hera, and was the best guard that there ever was. This was because his body was completely covered in one hundred blue eyes. Also, Argos never closed more than half of his eyes at once, so he never missed anything.

When Zeus could no longer stand Io's distress, he sent Hermes, the sneakiest of gods, to set Io free. Hermes disguised himself as a shepherd and went to Argos, playing music on a pipe. Argos enjoyed the music and the company of another person as he was very bored watching a cow all day. After Hermes finished his tune he began to tell a very dull story. Eventually, fifty of Argos' eyes fell asleep and then one-by-one, his other fifty began to fall asleep as well. When all hundred were closed, Hermes touched each one with his wand, making them stay shut in eternal sleep. Hermes untied the cow and Io ran back to her father, who was a river god named Inachus. Inachus didn't recognize his daughter but when Io spelled out her name in the sand, her father understood. Inachus went to Zeus with extreme anger. Zeus killed Inachus with a thunderbolt, and ever since, the river bed of Inachus has been dry. Finally, when Hera saw Argos dead and Io gone, she became extremely angry. She sent a gadfly to chase the cow wherever she went and to continuously sting her. Io ran all over Greece, trying to get away from the fly. When Io arrived in Egypt, the Egyptians worshipped the beautiful cow and she became an Egyptian goddess. Hera told Zeus that he could turn Io back into a human if he promised to never look at her again.

After Io had been turned back, she became the goddess-queen of Egypt and her son with Zeus became the king after her.

Leto

When Hera found out that Zeus had impregnated Leto with a set of twins, she made all lands shun Leto so that she wouldn't be able to find a place to have her babies. However, Hera's brother, Poseidon, had recently created a piece of land that wasn't yet attached to the Earth, so it wasn't yet land. Leto went to this island and laid under a palm tree to give birth.

After Apollo and his twin Artemis was born, Hera sent the monster-snake, Python. She sent the monster to harrass Leto. However, the monster was later slain by the Apollo.

Few years later, Hera commanded the Giant Tityos to rape Leto. However, he failed miserably and got killed by the twin.

Semele

After Hera discovered Zeus when he had impregnated Semele, a mortal princess, she went to Semele in the guise of an old woman and asked why the baby's father wasn't with her. Semele claimed that the father was the mighty Lord of the Sky, Zeus. Hera, still disguised as the old woman, asked Semele how she could be sure that her husband really was the Lord of the Sky as so many men claimed to be him. Hera told Semele that to be sure, she should ask Zeus to see him in all his true form.

When Zeus returned, Semele made him promise on the River Styx to grant her one wish. He did so but was shocked when she asked him to show her his true form. He begged her to change her wish but she refused. He did as she pleased and she was instantly incinerated. However, Zeus rushed down to Hades and took his son from Semele.

Zeus then gave their son, Dionysos, to Hermes to take him to a valley called Nysa that was located in faraway lands to hide him from Hera. Hermes did so and left him with the Maenads where he was raised with them, as well as tigers and leopards.

Punishment of Ixion

Ixion tried to have an affair with Hera. Zeus molded a cloud shaped like Hera, and when he showered it with affection, Zeus sent him away on a fired wheel.

Judgement of Paris

At the wedding of Thetis and Peleus, everyone was invited, except for the goddess of discord, Eris. She was angered by this and threw a golden apple of discord into the party that said "To The Fairest". Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite all took claim to this apple. Not being able to decide who it was for, they turned to Zeus, who sent them to Paris, a mortal shepherd. Each goddess offered him something but Paris took Aphrodite's offer of having Helen for his bride.

Gerana

A certain women named Gerana became the Queen of the Pygmies. The Pygmy people worshipped her as a god, They honoured her greatly with prayers and sacrificial ritual. As day pass by, Gerana's arrogance grew, soon she became so arrogant. She even claim that her beauty has no match. She believed and boasted that she is even more beautiful than Athena, Artemis, Hera and Aphrodite. The 4 goddesses were enraged when they found out about this. However three of the goddesses (Athena, Artemis and Aphrodite) decided to let Hera handle the situation. Hera, therefore, turned Gerana into a crane bird and she decreed that birds who were Gerana's descendant will wage an eternal war against the Pygmies everytime they moved to Oceanus' river.

Aegina

Legend has it that Zeus took the form of an eagle (or a great flame in Ovid's telling) and abducted Aegina, taking her to an island near Attica, then called Oenone; henceforth known by her name. Aegina's father Asopus chased after them; his search took him to Corinth, where Sisyphus was king. Sisyphus, having chanced to see a great bird bearing a maiden away to a nearby island, informed Asopus. Though Asopus pursued them, Zeus threw down his thunderbolts sending Asopus back to his own waters. Aegina eventually gave birth to her son Aeacus, who became king of the island.

However, when Hera soon learned about Aeacus. She became furious and jealous at Aeacus. Hera sent two snakes to poison the entire island's water, which ultimately led the death of the entire island's population.

Cydippe

In the story, Cydippe is the priestess of Hera. One day a grand celebration in honour of Hera was held in the town. When the mother's oxen cannot be found, the brothers (Cleobis and Biton) yoked themselves to their mother's cart and drove her the six miles to the temple. When they arrived to the temple, Cydippe begged to Hera to give her sons strength and devotion. Hera listened to her prayer and she answered Cydippe's prayer in a her own way. Hera granted the twins: death.

Intrepretation

This story intreprets that (or Hera attempted to prove to us, that):

  • human happiness is not dependent on wealth, strength and
  • happiness cannot be evaluated in the case of any given person until that person has died.

"Happiness" translates the ancient Greek word eudaimonia, which does not have to do with emotion but rather with the good fortune that a person has in life overall.


Depiction & Personality

Hera is usually depicted as a tall and stately figure who is either crowned with a diadem or wearing a wreath, and carrying a specter. She was also said to be supremely beautiful, though her beauty is very different from that of Aphrodite's. Homer described her as "ox-eyed" and "white-armed", which meant that she had large, soft brown eyes that one could become lost in, as well as a clear, pure, and unblemished complexion that was as white as ivory. In fact, Zeus (who was a connoisseur of beautiful women) once confessed in a moment of pure passion that he considered Hera to be the most beautiful of all his lovers, and the only person who could truly inflame his sexual desires to their extremes.

Hera is a very jealous goddess. She is easily angered and can be offended easily. Her throne, chariot, and sandals are all made of gold. She gets mad and turns peoples' hair into serpents when ever they boast about their hair being more beautiful than Hera's.

Powers & Abilities

Hera is one of the most mightiest among the Olympian Gods. She is the Queen of the Gods and the chief goddess in the Greek Pantheon, giving her the power to command any gods, human, monsters, creatures, animals, nymphs, daimon (spirit) or anything she chose to do her bidding. She is believed to have power over woman's menstrual cycle. Woman who suffers an extreme pain during their period was said to have been punished by Hera for doing something offensive or "unladylike". Athenian fourplay describes Hera's favourite power as the combination of hypnotism, mind control and illusion.

Hera also can change her appearence into whatever she desires. She often uses her ability in shapeshifting to spy on Zeus or to spy her follower of whom she suspected disloyalty. As the Queen of Heaven and Sky, Hera has a tremendous amount of control on weather. She can manipulate/summon/create thunderstorm and storms. Some parts of Greece, prayed to Hera for a clear skies and warm breezes. It is believed that when she is angry or upset, she would cause a destructive thunderstorm or storms. This can be seen when she launched a deadly thunderstorm to kill Heracles in fit of jealousy and rage (the thunderstorm would have killed Heracles if Zeus didn't came to stop Hera at last minute). She can also create rain at her own will or by using her own cow pelt.

When it comes to physical strength, Hera is much more stronger than a mere human, due to her being a goddess. Her senses are omniscient. As even Zeus has to be careful from being noticed by Hera. She killed the Giant Phoitos (she also killed the Giant Harpolykos) during the Gigantomachy. She one-shotted Artemis in the Iliad by boxing her ear.

Other of her significant powers is her ability to manipulate/control wind. For example, she used wind to defeat Artemis during the Indian War of Dionysus (an epic poem by a Greek-Egyptian poet, Nonnus). Apollo (a god who can go one-on-one with Poseidon) was only able to console his sister as he was not strong nor brave enough to face and fight his step-mother, Hera on her behalf.

Like all her fellow Olympian, Hera she can curse and bless those whom she deems worthy. In one myth, She cursed Echo that she will never again able to speak by herself. She will only able to repeat back what people said to her. Nonnus the writer of the epic "Dionysiaca" mention that Hera took major role during the Titanomachy and helped Zeus to defeat Kronos. Although most versions says, that she remained under the care of Okeanos and Tethys.

  • Supernatural Beauty- Before the beautiful Aphrodite, Hera was the chief and the most beautiful of all the Goddesses. Many gods lust for her but only Zeus managed to gain her as his wife.
  • Madness Manipulation- One of Hera's most notorious power is her ability to induce madness upon gods and mortals. She struck Dionysus with madness when he was still a mortal. On one myth, she also struck Heracles with madness, which ultimately led to the death of his wife Megara and his childrens.
  • Luck Manipulation- It is believed that people who were blessed by Hera was said to be very lucky. But those who aroused her wrath, would suffer with a lot of bad lucks and misfortunes.
  • Telepathy- Hera have the ability to communicate with gods, humans, any creatures or animals with her own mind to command them to do her bidding.
  • Pregnancy Inducement- In one myth, Hera caused the wife of Sthenelus (descendant of Perseus) to be pregnant with Eurystheus and gave birth to the infant while he was still a immature.
  • Monster Creation- Hera turned Lamia into a monster as a punishment for sleeping with her husband.
  • Transmutation- Hera inflicted a punishment upon a beautiful nymph named Kallisto by turning her into a bear.

Family

Spouse & Lovers

Children

Siblings

Sacred Symbols and Animals

Her symbols include;

  • Pomegranate - Pomegranates are wedding symbols.
  • Diadem - Queens typically wear crowns or diadems.
  • Lotus-Tipped Staff - People of great power are typically shown with a staff.

Her animals include;

  • Heifer - Because cows are some of the most motherly animals. She chose this as her animal.
  • Peacock - Because she could see the eyes of Argus in that animal.


Trivia

  • Hera's name is the anagram of her mother's name, Rhea.
  • Hera often has grudges against Zeus' other lovers and his children that are not with her. She often tries to kill his other children like Herakles or Dionysos.
  • Her from Roman is named Juno.
  • The month of June is named after Hera's Roman name: Juno. Because of Hera's status as the Goddess of Marriage, June is the month that is viewed as the best for weddings.

Gallery of Symbols of Hera & Things Sacred to Hera

Gallery of Images of Hera

Navigation

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Olympians : AphroditeApolloAresArtemisAthenaDemeterDionysusHadesHephaistosHeraHermesHestiaPoseidonZeus
Related Articles : Mount OlympusProtogenoiTitansGigantesDemigods
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